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Undergraduate Admissions Information
Office of Undergraduate Admissions
Madonna University
36600 Schoolcraft Road
Livonia, Michigan 48150-1176
(734) 432-5339 or (800) 852-4951, ext. 5339
Fax (734) 432-5424
Email: admissions@madonna.edu

Natural Science Major: Assoc Sci | Natural Science Major: Bach Sci | Natural Science - Biology: Core | Natural Science - Chemistry: Core | Natural Science Minor | Natural Science - Physics: Core | Natural Science Major - Support: Bach Sci
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Natural Science Major: Assoc Sci    
   Major Courses (30 cr. to be chosen)    
      Biology course (4 cr. to be chosen)    
         BIO 1030   General Biology I 4 cr.  Fundamental biological principles and problems as they apply to molecular, cellular, and organismic levels of the biosphere. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHM 1110 or equivalent; one year each of high school biology and chemistry highly recommended. 
         BIO 1040   General Biology II 4 cr.  Fundamental biological principles and problems as they apply to evolutionary theory, biosystematics, plant structure and function, animal behavior, and ecological concepts. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: one year each of high school biology and chemistry highly recommended; BIO 1030 recommended but not required. 
         BIO 2260   Microbiology 4 cr.  Fundamental principles of microbiology with emphasis on the biology of bacteria and other microbes (metabolism, genetics, growth, and death), their ecological relationships in natural and controlled environments, and the interactions of pathogenic microorganisms and their human and animal hosts. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110 or CHM 1610; and, BIO 1030 or BIO 2250 or BIO 2430. 
         BIO 3010   Genetics 4 cr.  Principles of genetic theory that provide a working knowledge of the three divisions of genetics: transmission genetics, molecular genetics, and population genetics. Topics include cell division, principles of heredity, statistical analysis, microbial genetics, cancer genetics, genetics in metabolism, development and behavior, and genetic engineering. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: BIO 1030 or BIO 2260; MTH 2350. 
         BIO 3170   Parasitology (BIO*/MTE) 4 cr.  Study focuses upon the morphology, classification, and clinical diagnosis of major human parasites. Laboratory emphasizes the identification of parasitic adult and larval forms as observed in clinical specimens. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 6 hours. Prerequisite: BIO 2260. 
         BIO 3280   Clinical Immunology and Serology (BIO*/MTE) 4 cr.  A lecture/laboratory course that introduces basic concepts and terminology of innate, humoral, and cellular immunity. Development and function of cellular response; basics of antigenicity. Students learn about immunity as it relates to transplantation, infectious disease, and autoimmune conditions. In laboratory practice, students become familiar with the purpose, principles, and performance of common methods of detection and measurement of the immune response, including techniques of ELISA, agglutination, and immunoprecipitation. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: BIO 2430 and BIO 2440; CHM 2210; recommend BIO 3010. 
         BIO 3500   Medical Mycology and Virology (BIO*/MTE) 4 cr.  Studies in the isolation and identification of medically important fungi and viruses with emphasis on the disease involved and on current diagnostic methods used in the laboratory. Laboratory sessions to consist of identification, specimen collection and the processing of fungi and viruses. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 6 hours. Prerequisite: BIO 2260. 
         CHM 3610   Biochemistry I (BIO/CHM*) 4 cr.  Principles of biochemistry; major metabolic and biosynthetic pathways; structure and conformation of biological molecules and their molecular biology. Laboratory exercises in enzyme kinetics, electrophoresis, chromatography, and DNA isolation and manipulation. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, CHM 2210. 
         CHM 3620   Biochemistry II (BIO/CHM*) 4 cr.  Advanced treatment of modern topics, including DNA structure and function; gene control; recombinant techniques; and newer techniques of protein design and engineering. Laboratory exercises in molecular cloning, transformation, DNA transfer techniques, immunoprecipitation, and mutagenesis studies. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, CHM 2210, and CHM 3610. 
         BIO 4270   Clinical Bacteriology 4 cr.  Study of the qualitative and quantitative aspects of bacteriology in relation to diseases as found in humans. Methods of detection, isolation, and enumeration, toxin production, and techniques in the identification of pathogenic bacteria. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 6 hours. Prerequisite: BIO 2260; BIO 3280 recommended. 
         FOR 4520   Forensic Biology (BIO/FOR*) 4 cr.  Theory and application of current biological methods to the practice of forensic science including serological, immunological, and DNA analyses of human biofluids commonly recovered at crime scenes. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours of lab per week. Prerequisites: admission to Forensic Science program, and BIO 3010 and CHM 3610, or permission of Program Director. 
      Chemistry course (4 cr. to be chosen)    
         CHM 1110   General Chemistry I 4 cr.  Principles of chemistry, including atomic structure and periodicity, chemical bonding, stoichiometry, gas laws, solution concepts, acid-base theory, redox processes, and equilibrium. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: one year of high school chemistry or CHM 1010 with grade of C (2.0) or better; one year of high school algebra or MTH 1040 with grade of C (2.0) or better. Two years of high school algebra highly recommended, or MTH 1040 and 1050 with grades of C (2.0) or better. 
         CHM 1120   General Chemistry II 4 cr.  Principles of thermodynamics, kinetics, equilibrium systems, proton transfer, electrochemistry, and nuclear chemistry. Laboratory projects related to each major subject area. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110 or equivalent; MTH 1050 or equivalent. 
         CHM 1610   Introduction to Life Chemistry 4 cr.  Integrated organic and biochemical principles related to normal functioning of the human body. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: high school chemistry with graduation within the past two years, or CHM 1010 or CHM 1110 within the past two years, with a grade of C (2.0) or better, or chemistry placement test. (Does not apply toward chemistry major or minor.) 
         CHM 2210   Organic Chemistry I 4 cr.  Structure and classification of compounds of carbon, with stress on the aliphatics; IUPAC nomenclature; properties, characteristic reactions of the common functional groups, especially of the oxygen functions; concepts of stereochemistry; introduction to mechanisms; stress on Bronsted and Lewis acid/base processes. Laboratory exercises directed to demonstration of mechanistic processes. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: CHM 1110 or equivalent; CHM 1120 highly recommended. 
         CHM 2220   Organic Chemistry II 4 cr.  More extensive study of reaction mechanisms, aromatics, spectroscopy, and polymerization. Laboratory exercises directed to aromatic substitution reactions, chromatography, and systematic identification of organic functional groups. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110 and CHM 2210; CHM 1120 highly recommended. 
         CHM 3310   Quantitative Analysis 4 cr.  Theory and techniques of classical quantitative analysis, including acquisition and evaluation of analytical data from gravimetry, titrimetry, potentiometry, and spectrophotometry techniques. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, 1120, 2210, MTH 1210 or equivalent. 
         CHM 3610   Biochemistry I (BIO/CHM*) 4 cr.  Principles of biochemistry; major metabolic and biosynthetic pathways; structure and conformation of biological molecules and their molecular biology. Laboratory exercises in enzyme kinetics, electrophoresis, chromatography, and DNA isolation and manipulation. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, CHM 2210. 
         CHM 3620   Biochemistry II (BIO/CHM*) 4 cr.  Advanced treatment of modern topics, including DNA structure and function; gene control; recombinant techniques; and newer techniques of protein design and engineering. Laboratory exercises in molecular cloning, transformation, DNA transfer techniques, immunoprecipitation, and mutagenesis studies. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, CHM 2210, and CHM 3610. 
         CHM 4410   Physical Chemistry I 4 cr.  Kinetics, mechanisms, rate laws, properties of solids, liquids, and gases; kinetic theory of gases, phase rules, thermodynamics, equilibria, chemical activity, and electrochemistry; introduction to statistical mechanics. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1120, CHM 2210; MTH 2510, MTH 2520; PHY 2530 or PHY 2630, PHY 2540 or PHY 2640. 
         CHM 4420   Physical Chemistry II 4 cr.  Atomic and molecular structure, quantum theory and mechanics, analytical spectroscopy, selection rules, photochemistry. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 4410; MTH 2510, MTH 2520; PHY 2530 or PHY 2630, PHY 2540 or PHY 2640. 
         CHM 4510   Instrumental Analysis 4 cr.  Theory and techniques of modern instrumental analysis including UV, visible, and IR spectrophotometry; NMR, EPR, and mass spectroscopies; electrochemistry; chromatography including HPLC; other current topics. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, CHM 1120, CHM 2210; MTH 1210 or MTH 2510 and MTH 2520; PHY 2530, PHY 2540. 
         FOR 4530   Forensic Chemistry (CHM/FOR*) 4 cr.  Theory and application of current methods in chemistry to the practice of forensic science including spectroscopic and analytical analysis of evidence commonly recovered at crime scenes. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: admission to Forensic Science program, or CHM 1110 and permission of Program Director. 
      Physics course (4 cr. to be chosen)    
         PHY 2530   General Physics I 4 cr.  Fundamental methods of mechanics, molecular physics, heat, and sound. Opportunity for experiments at Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: MTH 1050 and MTH 1060, or MTH 1210, or the equivalent; or departmental approval. (Offered Fall Semester.) 
         PHY 2540   General Physics II 4 cr.  Fundamental methods and principles of magnetism, electricity, optics, light, and atomic physics. Opportunity for experiments at Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: MTH 1050 and MTH 1060, or MTH 1210, or the equivalent; or departmental approval. (Offered Winter Semester.) 
         PHY 2630   Physics for Scientists and Engineers I 4 cr.  For students planning to major in engineering, pre-medicine, chemistry, mathematics, and computer science. Motion and Newton’s laws, energy, momentum, rigid-body mechanics, gravitation, simple harmonic motion, waves and sound, and thermal physics. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite or corequisite: MTH 2510. 
         PHY 2640   Physics for Scientists and Engineers II 4 cr.  For students planning to major in engineering, pre-medicine, chemistry, mathematics, and computer science. Electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic waves, geometrical and wave optics, and the essence of modern physics. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory three hours weekly. Prerequisites: MTH 2510 and PHY 2630. 
         PHY 2710   Fundamental Electronics 4 cr.  Study of power and energy of A.C. and D.C. circuits; introduction to diodes, transistors, transducers, and their applications in circuits and modern instruments. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: PHY 2540 or PHY 2640 or departmental approval. 
         PHY 3510   Modern Physics: Atomic and Nuclear 4 cr.  Investigation of properties of atoms and the nucleus, the changes under the influence of relativity, and the impact of the quantum theory. Applications of instruments in studying nuclear reactions. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: PHY 2540 or PHY 2640 or departmental approval. 
         PHY 4510   Electronics: Digital Techniques 4 cr.  Number systems, digital codes, and Boolean algebra used in analysis of digital logic circuits; logic gates, encoding and decoding; Flip-flops, counters, registers and integrated circuits. Introduction to interfacing. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: PHY 2540 or PHY 2640 or equivalent; PHY 2710 recommended. 
      Major electives (18 cr. to be chosen)    
         BIO 1030   General Biology I 4 cr.  Fundamental biological principles and problems as they apply to molecular, cellular, and organismic levels of the biosphere. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHM 1110 or equivalent; one year each of high school biology and chemistry highly recommended. 
         BIO 1040   General Biology II 4 cr.  Fundamental biological principles and problems as they apply to evolutionary theory, biosystematics, plant structure and function, animal behavior, and ecological concepts. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: one year each of high school biology and chemistry highly recommended; BIO 1030 recommended but not required. 
         BIO 2250   Basic Human Physiology 3 cr.  Non-laboratory study of the functioning of the body systems considering the integration and control of life processes in the cells, tissues, organs, and systems of the human body. Not applicable to Biology major but may be applied to Biology minor. 
         BIO 2260   Microbiology 4 cr.  Fundamental principles of microbiology with emphasis on the biology of bacteria and other microbes (metabolism, genetics, growth, and death), their ecological relationships in natural and controlled environments, and the interactions of pathogenic microorganisms and their human and animal hosts. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110 or CHM 1610; and, BIO 1030 or BIO 2250 or BIO 2430. 
         BIO 2270   Microbiology for Health Sciences 3 cr.  A non-laboratory study of the fundamentals of microbiology geared to preparation of nurses and other health care professionals. The role of microbes as causative agents of infectious disease, focusing on humans and human disease processes, relative to humans and their diverse environments. Application of scientific understandings to health care settings and to food preparation and spoilage. Prerequisites: biology and chemistry course work, both (a) BIO 1010 or BIO 2250 or BIO 2430 or BIO 2440, and (b) CHM 1610 or CHM 2210. 
         BIO 2430   Human Anatomy and Physiology I 3 cr.  Study of anatomical terminology, the cell, and the structure and function of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisite: one year each of high school biology and chemistry. 
         BIO 2440   Human Anatomy and Physiology II 3 cr.  Study of the sense organs, circulation, respiration, digestion, excretion, reproduction and development, the endocrine system, fluids and electrolytes, and acid-base balance. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisite: one year each of high school biology and chemistry. 
         BIO 3010   Genetics 4 cr.  Principles of genetic theory that provide a working knowledge of the three divisions of genetics: transmission genetics, molecular genetics, and population genetics. Topics include cell division, principles of heredity, statistical analysis, microbial genetics, cancer genetics, genetics in metabolism, development and behavior, and genetic engineering. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: BIO 1030 or BIO 2260; MTH 2350. 
         BIO 3170   Parasitology (BIO*/MTE) 4 cr.  Study focuses upon the morphology, classification, and clinical diagnosis of major human parasites. Laboratory emphasizes the identification of parasitic adult and larval forms as observed in clinical specimens. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 6 hours. Prerequisite: BIO 2260. 
         BIO 3210   General Ecology 3 cr.  Study of the principles of ecological interdependence and interaction between plants and animals with each other and with their environment. An overview of research methods used in field studies complements theoretical concepts in lecture. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory/field 3 hours. Prerequisite: 6 cr. in biology; MTH 2350. 
         BIO 3280   Clinical Immunology and Serology (BIO*/MTE) 4 cr.  A lecture/laboratory course that introduces basic concepts and terminology of innate, humoral, and cellular immunity. Development and function of cellular response; basics of antigenicity. Students learn about immunity as it relates to transplantation, infectious disease, and autoimmune conditions. In laboratory practice, students become familiar with the purpose, principles, and performance of common methods of detection and measurement of the immune response, including techniques of ELISA, agglutination, and immunoprecipitation. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: BIO 2430 and BIO 2440; CHM 2210; recommend BIO 3010. 
         BIO 3450   Epidemiology 3 cr.  The study of disease rates, distribution of disease, and prevention of diseases within human populations. General health promotion, experimental studies for both infectious and chronic disease and statistical methods in epidemiology will be examined. Prerequisite: BIO 1030; MTH 2350 recommended. 
         BIO 3500   Medical Mycology and Virology (BIO*/MTE) 4 cr.  Studies in the isolation and identification of medically important fungi and viruses with emphasis on the disease involved and on current diagnostic methods used in the laboratory. Laboratory sessions to consist of identification, specimen collection and the processing of fungi and viruses. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 6 hours. Prerequisite: BIO 2260. 
         BIO 3710   Pathophysiology 3 cr.  Study of mechanisms of disease processes affecting hematologic, immune, cardiovascular, respiratory, neural, liver and biliary, gastrointestinal, and endocrine systems with associated manifestrations, diagnosis, and treatment regimens. Prerequisites: BIO 2430 and BIO 2440. 
         BIO 3740   Cell Biology 3 cr.  The study of structural details and the molecular functions of the different parts of the eukaryotic cell, with emphasis on endocytosis, intra-membrane transport, protein targeting, organelle biosynthesis, protein sorting, exocytosis, cell shape, motility, cell-to-cell interaction, signal transduction and cell cycling. Cellular functions that are required for cell growth and programmed cell death will be explored. Emphasis is placed on examination of experimental approaches taken to elucidate certain biology principles. Prerequisites: BIO 1030, BIO 2260, BIO 3010. 
         BIO 3750   Special Topics in Biology 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 3 cr.)  Workshops or seminars include topics related to biology, such as evolution, animal behavior, cell biology, biometry, or related issues. (May be repeated for credit, as topics vary.) Students may apply up to 3 cr. of BIO 3750 toward Biology major requirements. Additional topics credits are optional. 
         BIO 4010   Population Genetics (BIO*/FOR) 3 cr.  Theory and application of population genetics with emphasis on mathematical and statistical methods for describing specific populations, genetic make-up and diversity. 3 hours of lecture per week. Prerequisites: BIO 3010, MTH 1210, and MTH 2350. 
         BIO 4270   Clinical Bacteriology 4 cr.  Study of the qualitative and quantitative aspects of bacteriology in relation to diseases as found in humans. Methods of detection, isolation, and enumeration, toxin production, and techniques in the identification of pathogenic bacteria. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 6 hours. Prerequisite: BIO 2260; BIO 3280 recommended. 
         BIO 4410   Molecular Biology 3 cr.  Introductory course in molecular biology, which includes a comprehensive overview of prokaryotic and eukaryotic genome structure and function examined through the lens of molecular biotechnology, with practical application of molecular biology techniques in the laboratory. 2 hours lecture; 3 hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BIO 3010, CHM 3610. 
         BIO 4700   Biological Investigation 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 4 cr.)  Independent research, directed reading, or special problems under the supervision of a faculty member. Prerequisites: recommendation of major advisor and problem director. 
         CHM 1110   General Chemistry I 4 cr.  Principles of chemistry, including atomic structure and periodicity, chemical bonding, stoichiometry, gas laws, solution concepts, acid-base theory, redox processes, and equilibrium. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: one year of high school chemistry or CHM 1010 with grade of C (2.0) or better; one year of high school algebra or MTH 1040 with grade of C (2.0) or better. Two years of high school algebra highly recommended, or MTH 1040 and 1050 with grades of C (2.0) or better. 
         CHM 1120   General Chemistry II 4 cr.  Principles of thermodynamics, kinetics, equilibrium systems, proton transfer, electrochemistry, and nuclear chemistry. Laboratory projects related to each major subject area. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110 or equivalent; MTH 1050 or equivalent. 
         CHM 1610   Introduction to Life Chemistry 4 cr.  Integrated organic and biochemical principles related to normal functioning of the human body. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: high school chemistry with graduation within the past two years, or CHM 1010 or CHM 1110 within the past two years, with a grade of C (2.0) or better, or chemistry placement test. (Does not apply toward chemistry major or minor.) 
         CHM 2210   Organic Chemistry I 4 cr.  Structure and classification of compounds of carbon, with stress on the aliphatics; IUPAC nomenclature; properties, characteristic reactions of the common functional groups, especially of the oxygen functions; concepts of stereochemistry; introduction to mechanisms; stress on Bronsted and Lewis acid/base processes. Laboratory exercises directed to demonstration of mechanistic processes. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: CHM 1110 or equivalent; CHM 1120 highly recommended. 
         CHM 2220   Organic Chemistry II 4 cr.  More extensive study of reaction mechanisms, aromatics, spectroscopy, and polymerization. Laboratory exercises directed to aromatic substitution reactions, chromatography, and systematic identification of organic functional groups. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110 and CHM 2210; CHM 1120 highly recommended. 
         CHM 3310   Quantitative Analysis 4 cr.  Theory and techniques of classical quantitative analysis, including acquisition and evaluation of analytical data from gravimetry, titrimetry, potentiometry, and spectrophotometry techniques. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, 1120, 2210, MTH 1210 or equivalent. 
         CHM 3510   Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 4 cr.  Descriptive chemistry of the representative elements, transition metal complexes and organometallic compounds; ligand field theory, molecular orbital and valence bond theories, symmetry and group theory, nuclear chemistry. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, 1120, MTH 1210 or equivalent. 
         CHM 3610   Biochemistry I (BIO/CHM*) 4 cr.  Principles of biochemistry; major metabolic and biosynthetic pathways; structure and conformation of biological molecules and their molecular biology. Laboratory exercises in enzyme kinetics, electrophoresis, chromatography, and DNA isolation and manipulation. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, CHM 2210. 
         CHM 3620   Biochemistry II (BIO/CHM*) 4 cr.  Advanced treatment of modern topics, including DNA structure and function; gene control; recombinant techniques; and newer techniques of protein design and engineering. Laboratory exercises in molecular cloning, transformation, DNA transfer techniques, immunoprecipitation, and mutagenesis studies. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, CHM 2210, and CHM 3610. 
         CHM 4410   Physical Chemistry I 4 cr.  Kinetics, mechanisms, rate laws, properties of solids, liquids, and gases; kinetic theory of gases, phase rules, thermodynamics, equilibria, chemical activity, and electrochemistry; introduction to statistical mechanics. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1120, CHM 2210; MTH 2510, MTH 2520; PHY 2530 or PHY 2630, PHY 2540 or PHY 2640. 
         CHM 4420   Physical Chemistry II 4 cr.  Atomic and molecular structure, quantum theory and mechanics, analytical spectroscopy, selection rules, photochemistry. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 4410; MTH 2510, MTH 2520; PHY 2530 or PHY 2630, PHY 2540 or PHY 2640. 
         CHM 4510   Instrumental Analysis 4 cr.  Theory and techniques of modern instrumental analysis including UV, visible, and IR spectrophotometry; NMR, EPR, and mass spectroscopies; electrochemistry; chromatography including HPLC; other current topics. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, CHM 1120, CHM 2210; MTH 1210 or MTH 2510 and MTH 2520; PHY 2530, PHY 2540. 
         CHM 4900   Problems in Chemistry 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 4 cr.)  Advanced study in a special area of interest in laboratory or library research studies. Prerequisite: recommendation of major advisor. 
         FOR 4520   Forensic Biology (BIO/FOR*) 4 cr.  Theory and application of current biological methods to the practice of forensic science including serological, immunological, and DNA analyses of human biofluids commonly recovered at crime scenes. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours of lab per week. Prerequisites: admission to Forensic Science program, and BIO 3010 and CHM 3610, or permission of Program Director. 
         FOR 4530   Forensic Chemistry (CHM/FOR*) 4 cr.  Theory and application of current methods in chemistry to the practice of forensic science including spectroscopic and analytical analysis of evidence commonly recovered at crime scenes. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: admission to Forensic Science program, or CHM 1110 and permission of Program Director. 
         FOR 4640   Toxicology (BIO/FOR*) 3 cr.  Non-laboratory study of cellular and human pathophysiology as a result of toxic insult. Exploration of toxicants includes analysis of impact of human exposure and disease, as well as the forensic examination of samples for toxicants. Prerequisites: BIO 1030, CHM 2210; BIO 2240 or 2440 recommended. 
         MTE 3640   Clinical Chemistry (CHM/MTE*) 3 cr.  Introduction to clinical chemistry topics focusing on areas that include acid-base balance, carbohydrates, enzymes, proteins, and non-nitrogen compounds. Laboratory calculations and automation are covered. Students are expected to apply concepts learned in general chemistry, organic chemistry, and biochemistry to laboratory exercises. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: CHM 2210. 
         PHY 2530   General Physics I 4 cr.  Fundamental methods of mechanics, molecular physics, heat, and sound. Opportunity for experiments at Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: MTH 1050 and MTH 1060, or MTH 1210, or the equivalent; or departmental approval. (Offered Fall Semester.) 
         PHY 2540   General Physics II 4 cr.  Fundamental methods and principles of magnetism, electricity, optics, light, and atomic physics. Opportunity for experiments at Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: MTH 1050 and MTH 1060, or MTH 1210, or the equivalent; or departmental approval. (Offered Winter Semester.) 
         PHY 2630   Physics for Scientists and Engineers I 4 cr.  For students planning to major in engineering, pre-medicine, chemistry, mathematics, and computer science. Motion and Newton’s laws, energy, momentum, rigid-body mechanics, gravitation, simple harmonic motion, waves and sound, and thermal physics. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite or corequisite: MTH 2510. 
         PHY 2640   Physics for Scientists and Engineers II 4 cr.  For students planning to major in engineering, pre-medicine, chemistry, mathematics, and computer science. Electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic waves, geometrical and wave optics, and the essence of modern physics. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory three hours weekly. Prerequisites: MTH 2510 and PHY 2630. 
         PHY 2710   Fundamental Electronics 4 cr.  Study of power and energy of A.C. and D.C. circuits; introduction to diodes, transistors, transducers, and their applications in circuits and modern instruments. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: PHY 2540 or PHY 2640 or departmental approval. 
         PHY 3510   Modern Physics: Atomic and Nuclear 4 cr.  Investigation of properties of atoms and the nucleus, the changes under the influence of relativity, and the impact of the quantum theory. Applications of instruments in studying nuclear reactions. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: PHY 2540 or PHY 2640 or departmental approval. 
         PHY 4510   Electronics: Digital Techniques 4 cr.  Number systems, digital codes, and Boolean algebra used in analysis of digital logic circuits; logic gates, encoding and decoding; Flip-flops, counters, registers and integrated circuits. Introduction to interfacing. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: PHY 2540 or PHY 2640 or equivalent; PHY 2710 recommended. 
         PSY 4500   Behavioral Neuroscience (BIO/PSY*) 4 cr.  Scientific explanations of the neurobiological basis of behavior and evolution of the brain. Examination of nervous system structure and function; neuron biochemistry and neurotransmission; psychopharmacology; sensory and motor systems, physiological mechanisms influencing circadian rhythms, emotion, learning and memory, neurological disorders, psychological disorders, stress, and drug abuse. Prerequisite: PSY 1010. 
Natural Science Major: Bach Sci    
   Major Courses (54 cr. to be chosen)    
      BIO 1030   General Biology I 4 cr.  Fundamental biological principles and problems as they apply to molecular, cellular, and organismic levels of the biosphere. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHM 1110 or equivalent; one year each of high school biology and chemistry highly recommended. 
      BIO 1040   General Biology II 4 cr.  Fundamental biological principles and problems as they apply to evolutionary theory, biosystematics, plant structure and function, animal behavior, and ecological concepts. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: one year each of high school biology and chemistry highly recommended; BIO 1030 recommended but not required. 
      BIO 2240    
      BIO 2260   Microbiology 4 cr.  Fundamental principles of microbiology with emphasis on the biology of bacteria and other microbes (metabolism, genetics, growth, and death), their ecological relationships in natural and controlled environments, and the interactions of pathogenic microorganisms and their human and animal hosts. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110 or CHM 1610; and, BIO 1030 or BIO 2250 or BIO 2430. 
      CHM 1110   General Chemistry I 4 cr.  Principles of chemistry, including atomic structure and periodicity, chemical bonding, stoichiometry, gas laws, solution concepts, acid-base theory, redox processes, and equilibrium. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: one year of high school chemistry or CHM 1010 with grade of C (2.0) or better; one year of high school algebra or MTH 1040 with grade of C (2.0) or better. Two years of high school algebra highly recommended, or MTH 1040 and 1050 with grades of C (2.0) or better. 
      CHM 1120   General Chemistry II 4 cr.  Principles of thermodynamics, kinetics, equilibrium systems, proton transfer, electrochemistry, and nuclear chemistry. Laboratory projects related to each major subject area. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110 or equivalent; MTH 1050 or equivalent. 
      CHM 2210   Organic Chemistry I 4 cr.  Structure and classification of compounds of carbon, with stress on the aliphatics; IUPAC nomenclature; properties, characteristic reactions of the common functional groups, especially of the oxygen functions; concepts of stereochemistry; introduction to mechanisms; stress on Bronsted and Lewis acid/base processes. Laboratory exercises directed to demonstration of mechanistic processes. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: CHM 1110 or equivalent; CHM 1120 highly recommended. 
      PHY 3510   Modern Physics: Atomic and Nuclear 4 cr.  Investigation of properties of atoms and the nucleus, the changes under the influence of relativity, and the impact of the quantum theory. Applications of instruments in studying nuclear reactions. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: PHY 2540 or PHY 2640 or departmental approval. 
      PHY 4510   Electronics: Digital Techniques 4 cr.  Number systems, digital codes, and Boolean algebra used in analysis of digital logic circuits; logic gates, encoding and decoding; Flip-flops, counters, registers and integrated circuits. Introduction to interfacing. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: PHY 2540 or PHY 2640 or equivalent; PHY 2710 recommended. 
      Core Option (18 cr. to be chosen)    
Natural Science - Biology: Core    
   Core & Track Courses (25 cr. to be chosen)    
      Biology Core (13 cr. to be chosen)    
         BIO 3010   Genetics 4 cr.  Principles of genetic theory that provide a working knowledge of the three divisions of genetics: transmission genetics, molecular genetics, and population genetics. Topics include cell division, principles of heredity, statistical analysis, microbial genetics, cancer genetics, genetics in metabolism, development and behavior, and genetic engineering. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: BIO 1030 or BIO 2260; MTH 2350. 
         BIO 3210   General Ecology 3 cr.  Study of the principles of ecological interdependence and interaction between plants and animals with each other and with their environment. An overview of research methods used in field studies complements theoretical concepts in lecture. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory/field 3 hours. Prerequisite: 6 cr. in biology; MTH 2350. 
         BIO 4950   Senior Seminar 2 cr.  Preparation and presentation of a scientific paper. Taken by students with senior status as a requirement for graduation; to be taken in the final six hours of the program. 
         MTH 2350   Probability and Statistics 4 cr.  Topics include data collection and graphic presentation; measures of central tendency; measures of dispersion; normal and binomial distributions; regression and correlation; sampling methods; design of experiments; probability and simulation; sampling distributions; statistical inference including confidence intervals and hypothesis testing for one-sample and two- sample problems; chi-square distribution and test of significance; ANOVA. Prerequisite: two years of high school algebra within the last three years, or placement test, or MTH 1040. 
      Chemistry Track (4 cr. to be chosen)    
         CHM 3610   Biochemistry I (BIO/CHM*) 4 cr.  Principles of biochemistry; major metabolic and biosynthetic pathways; structure and conformation of biological molecules and their molecular biology. Laboratory exercises in enzyme kinetics, electrophoresis, chromatography, and DNA isolation and manipulation. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, CHM 2210. 
      Physics Track (8 cr. to be chosen)    
         PHY 2530/2630 Option (4 cr. to be chosen)    
            PHY 2530   General Physics I 4 cr.  Fundamental methods of mechanics, molecular physics, heat, and sound. Opportunity for experiments at Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: MTH 1050 and MTH 1060, or MTH 1210, or the equivalent; or departmental approval. (Offered Fall Semester.) 
            PHY 2630   Physics for Scientists and Engineers I 4 cr.  For students planning to major in engineering, pre-medicine, chemistry, mathematics, and computer science. Motion and Newton’s laws, energy, momentum, rigid-body mechanics, gravitation, simple harmonic motion, waves and sound, and thermal physics. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite or corequisite: MTH 2510. 
         PHY 2540/2640 Option (4 cr. to be chosen)    
            PHY 2540   General Physics II 4 cr.  Fundamental methods and principles of magnetism, electricity, optics, light, and atomic physics. Opportunity for experiments at Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: MTH 1050 and MTH 1060, or MTH 1210, or the equivalent; or departmental approval. (Offered Winter Semester.) 
            PHY 2640   Physics for Scientists and Engineers II 4 cr.  For students planning to major in engineering, pre-medicine, chemistry, mathematics, and computer science. Electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic waves, geometrical and wave optics, and the essence of modern physics. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory three hours weekly. Prerequisites: MTH 2510 and PHY 2630. 
Natural Science - Chemistry: Core    
   Core & Track Courses (18 cr. to be chosen)    
      Chemistry Core (10 cr. to be chosen)    
         CHM 2220/3610 Option (4 cr. to be chosen)    
            CHM 2220   Organic Chemistry II 4 cr.  More extensive study of reaction mechanisms, aromatics, spectroscopy, and polymerization. Laboratory exercises directed to aromatic substitution reactions, chromatography, and systematic identification of organic functional groups. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110 and CHM 2210; CHM 1120 highly recommended. 
            CHM 3610   Biochemistry I (BIO/CHM*) 4 cr.  Principles of biochemistry; major metabolic and biosynthetic pathways; structure and conformation of biological molecules and their molecular biology. Laboratory exercises in enzyme kinetics, electrophoresis, chromatography, and DNA isolation and manipulation. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, CHM 2210. 
         CHM 3310   Quantitative Analysis 4 cr.  Theory and techniques of classical quantitative analysis, including acquisition and evaluation of analytical data from gravimetry, titrimetry, potentiometry, and spectrophotometry techniques. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, 1120, 2210, MTH 1210 or equivalent. 
         CHM 4950   Senior Seminar 2 cr.  Preparation and presentation of a scientific paper. Taken by students with senior status as a requirement for graduation; to be taken in the final six hours of the program. 
      Physics Track (8 cr. to be chosen)    
         PHY 2530/2630 Option (4 cr. to be chosen)    
            PHY 2530   General Physics I 4 cr.  Fundamental methods of mechanics, molecular physics, heat, and sound. Opportunity for experiments at Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: MTH 1050 and MTH 1060, or MTH 1210, or the equivalent; or departmental approval. (Offered Fall Semester.) 
            PHY 2630   Physics for Scientists and Engineers I 4 cr.  For students planning to major in engineering, pre-medicine, chemistry, mathematics, and computer science. Motion and Newton’s laws, energy, momentum, rigid-body mechanics, gravitation, simple harmonic motion, waves and sound, and thermal physics. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite or corequisite: MTH 2510. 
         PHY 2540/2640 Option (4 cr. to be chosen)    
            PHY 2540   General Physics II 4 cr.  Fundamental methods and principles of magnetism, electricity, optics, light, and atomic physics. Opportunity for experiments at Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: MTH 1050 and MTH 1060, or MTH 1210, or the equivalent; or departmental approval. (Offered Winter Semester.) 
            PHY 2640   Physics for Scientists and Engineers II 4 cr.  For students planning to major in engineering, pre-medicine, chemistry, mathematics, and computer science. Electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic waves, geometrical and wave optics, and the essence of modern physics. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory three hours weekly. Prerequisites: MTH 2510 and PHY 2630. 
Natural Science Minor    
   Bio/Chm/Phy Minor Choice (24 cr. to be chosen)    
      BIO 1010   Introductory Biology 4 cr.  A course for non-science majors, presenting biological concepts influencing individual decisions affecting community structure and the state of the world. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. 
      BIO 1030   General Biology I 4 cr.  Fundamental biological principles and problems as they apply to molecular, cellular, and organismic levels of the biosphere. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHM 1110 or equivalent; one year each of high school biology and chemistry highly recommended. 
      BIO 1040   General Biology II 4 cr.  Fundamental biological principles and problems as they apply to evolutionary theory, biosystematics, plant structure and function, animal behavior, and ecological concepts. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: one year each of high school biology and chemistry highly recommended; BIO 1030 recommended but not required. 
      BIO 2240    
      BIO 2260   Microbiology 4 cr.  Fundamental principles of microbiology with emphasis on the biology of bacteria and other microbes (metabolism, genetics, growth, and death), their ecological relationships in natural and controlled environments, and the interactions of pathogenic microorganisms and their human and animal hosts. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110 or CHM 1610; and, BIO 1030 or BIO 2250 or BIO 2430. 
      BIO 2430   Human Anatomy and Physiology I 3 cr.  Study of anatomical terminology, the cell, and the structure and function of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisite: one year each of high school biology and chemistry. 
      BIO 2440   Human Anatomy and Physiology II 3 cr.  Study of the sense organs, circulation, respiration, digestion, excretion, reproduction and development, the endocrine system, fluids and electrolytes, and acid-base balance. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisite: one year each of high school biology and chemistry. 
      BIO 3710   Pathophysiology 3 cr.  Study of mechanisms of disease processes affecting hematologic, immune, cardiovascular, respiratory, neural, liver and biliary, gastrointestinal, and endocrine systems with associated manifestrations, diagnosis, and treatment regimens. Prerequisites: BIO 2430 and BIO 2440. 
      CHM 1010   Introductory Principles of Chemistry 4 cr.  A study of the basic principles of general chemistry and their applications including: systems of measurement; structure and properties of atoms; the periodic table; chemical symbols and their equations; stoichiometry; introduction to chemical bonding; solutions; acids, bases, and salts. Lecture 3 hours, recitation 1 hour, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisite: one year of high school algebra or MTH 1040 with grade of C (2.0) or better. (May be used to satisfy the physical science general education requirement with laboratory and the chemistry prerequisite for CHM 1110. Does not apply toward Chemistry major or minor.) 
      CHM 1110   General Chemistry I 4 cr.  Principles of chemistry, including atomic structure and periodicity, chemical bonding, stoichiometry, gas laws, solution concepts, acid-base theory, redox processes, and equilibrium. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: one year of high school chemistry or CHM 1010 with grade of C (2.0) or better; one year of high school algebra or MTH 1040 with grade of C (2.0) or better. Two years of high school algebra highly recommended, or MTH 1040 and 1050 with grades of C (2.0) or better. 
      CHM 1120   General Chemistry II 4 cr.  Principles of thermodynamics, kinetics, equilibrium systems, proton transfer, electrochemistry, and nuclear chemistry. Laboratory projects related to each major subject area. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110 or equivalent; MTH 1050 or equivalent. 
      CHM 1610   Introduction to Life Chemistry 4 cr.  Integrated organic and biochemical principles related to normal functioning of the human body. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: high school chemistry with graduation within the past two years, or CHM 1010 or CHM 1110 within the past two years, with a grade of C (2.0) or better, or chemistry placement test. (Does not apply toward chemistry major or minor.) 
      CHM 2210   Organic Chemistry I 4 cr.  Structure and classification of compounds of carbon, with stress on the aliphatics; IUPAC nomenclature; properties, characteristic reactions of the common functional groups, especially of the oxygen functions; concepts of stereochemistry; introduction to mechanisms; stress on Bronsted and Lewis acid/base processes. Laboratory exercises directed to demonstration of mechanistic processes. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: CHM 1110 or equivalent; CHM 1120 highly recommended. 
      CHM 2220   Organic Chemistry II 4 cr.  More extensive study of reaction mechanisms, aromatics, spectroscopy, and polymerization. Laboratory exercises directed to aromatic substitution reactions, chromatography, and systematic identification of organic functional groups. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110 and CHM 2210; CHM 1120 highly recommended. 
      CHM 3310   Quantitative Analysis 4 cr.  Theory and techniques of classical quantitative analysis, including acquisition and evaluation of analytical data from gravimetry, titrimetry, potentiometry, and spectrophotometry techniques. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, 1120, 2210, MTH 1210 or equivalent. 
      CHM 3610   Biochemistry I (BIO/CHM*) 4 cr.  Principles of biochemistry; major metabolic and biosynthetic pathways; structure and conformation of biological molecules and their molecular biology. Laboratory exercises in enzyme kinetics, electrophoresis, chromatography, and DNA isolation and manipulation. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, CHM 2210. 
      PHY 2530   General Physics I 4 cr.  Fundamental methods of mechanics, molecular physics, heat, and sound. Opportunity for experiments at Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: MTH 1050 and MTH 1060, or MTH 1210, or the equivalent; or departmental approval. (Offered Fall Semester.) 
      PHY 2540   General Physics II 4 cr.  Fundamental methods and principles of magnetism, electricity, optics, light, and atomic physics. Opportunity for experiments at Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: MTH 1050 and MTH 1060, or MTH 1210, or the equivalent; or departmental approval. (Offered Winter Semester.) 
      PHY 2710   Fundamental Electronics 4 cr.  Study of power and energy of A.C. and D.C. circuits; introduction to diodes, transistors, transducers, and their applications in circuits and modern instruments. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: PHY 2540 or PHY 2640 or departmental approval. 
      PHY 3510   Modern Physics: Atomic and Nuclear 4 cr.  Investigation of properties of atoms and the nucleus, the changes under the influence of relativity, and the impact of the quantum theory. Applications of instruments in studying nuclear reactions. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: PHY 2540 or PHY 2640 or departmental approval. 
      PHY 4510   Electronics: Digital Techniques 4 cr.  Number systems, digital codes, and Boolean algebra used in analysis of digital logic circuits; logic gates, encoding and decoding; Flip-flops, counters, registers and integrated circuits. Introduction to interfacing. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: PHY 2540 or PHY 2640 or equivalent; PHY 2710 recommended. 
Natural Science - Physics: Core    
   Core & Track Courses (18 cr. to be chosen)    
      Physics Core (14 cr. to be chosen)    
         PHY 2630   Physics for Scientists and Engineers I 4 cr.  For students planning to major in engineering, pre-medicine, chemistry, mathematics, and computer science. Motion and Newton’s laws, energy, momentum, rigid-body mechanics, gravitation, simple harmonic motion, waves and sound, and thermal physics. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite or corequisite: MTH 2510. 
         PHY 2640   Physics for Scientists and Engineers II 4 cr.  For students planning to major in engineering, pre-medicine, chemistry, mathematics, and computer science. Electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic waves, geometrical and wave optics, and the essence of modern physics. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory three hours weekly. Prerequisites: MTH 2510 and PHY 2630. 
         PHY 2710   Fundamental Electronics 4 cr.  Study of power and energy of A.C. and D.C. circuits; introduction to diodes, transistors, transducers, and their applications in circuits and modern instruments. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisite: PHY 2540 or PHY 2640 or departmental approval. 
         NSC 4950   Senior Seminar 2 cr.  Preparation and presentation of a scientific paper. Taken by Natural Science and Integrated Science students with senior status as a requirement for graduation; to be taken in the final six hours of the program. 
      Chemistry Track (4 cr. to be chosen)    
         CHM 3610   Biochemistry I (BIO/CHM*) 4 cr.  Principles of biochemistry; major metabolic and biosynthetic pathways; structure and conformation of biological molecules and their molecular biology. Laboratory exercises in enzyme kinetics, electrophoresis, chromatography, and DNA isolation and manipulation. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: CHM 1110, CHM 2210. 
Natural Science Major - Support: Bach Sci    
   Support Courses (5 cr. to be chosen)    
      MTH 1050 & 1060 Option (7 cr. to be chosen)    
         MTH 1050   College Algebra 4 cr.  Second course in algebra, designed to help students develop appropriate skills with algebraic concepts and processes needed for later courses. Emphasizes problem solving, multiple representations of functions, and the use of a graphing calculator. Topics include linear, quadratic, rational, and logarithmic functions. Prerequisite: two years of high school algebra, MTH 1040, or placement test. Does not apply toward mathematics major or minor. 
         MTH 1060   Trigonometry 3 cr.  Study of trigonometric functions, their properties, inverses and graphs; trigonometric ratios, the solutions of triangles; basic identities; the sum and difference formulas; trigonometric equations. Geometric vectors and operations with complex numbers are introduced. Prerequisite: MTH 1050 or equivalent. Does not apply toward mathematics major or minor. 
      MTH 1210   Precalculus 5 cr.  Focus on a study of functions, their inverses, graphs, and properties. Specifically, polynomial, rational, exponential, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions are explored. Students solve equations and real-world problems involving these functions. Graphing calculators are an integral part of the course. Prerequisites: two years of high school algebra within the last two years or MTH 1050. 
      MTH 2510   Calculus with Analytic Geometry I 5 cr.  Topics include a study of limits, continuity, derivatives of algebraic and transcendental functions, applications of derivatives, integrals, and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. Prerequisite: MTH 1210 or departmental approval. Computer Science majors must complete this course with a grade of C (2.0) or better within the first 20 semester hours of their major. 
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